Smithsonian Black History Teaching Resources

New York Public Library Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

American Labor Studies Center Black Labor History Resources



David W. Blight, Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001).

W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903).

Genevieve Fabre and Robert O'Meally, eds, History and Memory in African-American Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Amy Kirschke, Art in Crisis: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Struggle for African American Identity and Memory (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2007).

Amy Kirschke, Aaron Douglas: Art, Race and the Harlem (Renaissance University Press of Mississippi, 1995).

David Levering Lewis, W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919 - 1963 (New York: Henry Holt, 2000).

Anne Parsons,"New York’s 1913 Emancipation Exposition -- The Semi-Centennial Celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation" (Unpublished paper, NYU Public History Program, April, 2005).

Patricia Sullivan, Lift Every Voice (New York: The New Press, 2009).