We gratefully acknowledge the enthusiasm, generosity and expertise of Barbara Morley, Media Archivist of the Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation & Archives, Industrial Labor Relations School, Cornell University; Harry Rubenstein, Chair and Curator, Division of Political History, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution; Nick Mansfield, Director of the People's History Museum in Manchester, UK; labor activist and organizer May Chen, retired manager of Local 23–25, ILGWU and current chair of the NYS Immigrant Action Fund; labor activist and organizer and font of useful knowledge Sherry Kane, of Workers United and the Remember the Triangle Fire Coalition; Lauren Brown and Elizabeth Novara, curators, Special Collections, University of Maryland; Matthew G. Anderson, Curator, Minnesota Historical Society; the staff of the New York Historical Society; and Mike Nash, Gail Malmgreen and Erika Gottfried of the Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives and Tamiment Library, New York University.
The union history quoted in many of the captions is "The Book of the Amalgamated in New York, 1914–1940", Presented to the Twenty Fifth Anniversary Convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, 1940. Published by The Amalgamated Joint Boards and Local Unions in New York. Edited by J. B. S. Hardman.
The measurements of the banners are given when they are available, in the following format: height in inches x width in inches.
Selected sources for additional information include:
John Gorman, "Banner Bright: An Illustrated History of the Banners of the British Trade Union Movement", Allen lane, London, 1973.
The People’s History Museum in Manchester, UK, which has the largest collection of historic trade union banners in the world.
The People’s Story Museum, in Edinburgh, Scotland, with an excellent collection of banners.
The Banner Museum in Trades Hall, Sydney, Australia.
"Banners of the British Labour Movement", by Dr Myna Trustram, from the British Broadcasting Company website.
"Buttons, badges and banners: Historical Society collection spans more than a century of labor struggle", by Adam Scher, Minnesota Historical Society, 28 March 2007.
A webpage with images of early Swedish labor movement banners.
"A Celebration of Skilled Artisans", featuring a recent effort to rescue the Maine Historical Society’s collection of banners.
"Look for the Union Label", an online exhibit from San Francisco State University.
The garment industry in New York City is well documented—as evidenced by the 107 page bibliography of books, articles and other resources compiled for the Gotham Center’s Garment Industry History Initiative.
Henry Foner, Evelyn Jones Rich and Rachel Bernstein, the principals of Labor Arts, prepared this exhibit with the help of our new web design partners at Goss Creative. October, 2010.