Fighting Jim Crow on the High Seas - The NMU’s Fall Strike 75 Years Later


Joe Doyle worked with LaborArts’ Rachel Bernstein, Evelyn Jones Rich and Henry Foner to curate this exhibit. We are all grateful for the continued cooperation of everyone at the Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives/Tamiment Library at New York University.

We extend warm thanks to Paul Yamagata-Madlon and Goss Creative for another outstanding design.

There is a large literature on maritime workers and CIO unions during this period; a small selection of resources is listed below, together with the full citations of all the books where we found images for the exhibit.

Bill Bailey, Kid From Hoboken: An Autogiography

William Gottlieb, This is the NMU: A Picture History of the National Maritime Union of America CIO (National Maritime Union, circa 1956)

Alexander Lichtenstein, “The CIO in Black and White,” Radical History Review Issue 83, Spring 2002, pp. 203-210.

Bruce Nelson, Workers on the Waterfront: Seamen, Longshoremen, and Unionism in the 1930s (University of Illinois Press, 1988)

Corby Paxton, editor, Two Years: A Record of Struggle and Achievement of the East Coast Seamen (National Maritime Union, 1939)

Mike Quinn, The Big Strike (1949)

Bernard Raskin, On a true course: The story of the National Maritime Union AFL-CIO (National Maritime Union, 1967)

San Francisco Bay Area District Council No. 2, Maritime Federation of the Pacific Coast, Harry Bridges, President, Men and Ships: A Pictorial of the Maritime Industry (1936)