The Masses Magazine The Croton Connection

A century later we still enjoy this innovative ILLUSTRATED magazine of art, literature, politics and science. The socialist monthly covered women’s suffrage, birth control, workers rights, economic injustice, and free speech, and committed to printing “cartoons and illustrations of the text by the best artists of the country, on a quality of paper that will really reproduce them. …a necessary luxury.”

The extraordinary visuals—on the 75 covers presented here, and on the inner pages—leave a lasting legacy. That legacy originated, in part, in a small town on the Hudson River about 30 miles north of Manhattan, where many of the key creators intermittently lived and worked. Max Eastman, second editor and guiding light of the endeavor, together with Floyd Dell, Crystal Eastman, Boardman Robinson, John Reed, Louise Bryant, Mabel Dodge and others resided in the Mount Airy section of Croton-on-Hudson—a neighborhood known for most of the twentieth century as “Red Hill.”

Read a Short History of the Masses

Browse Covers

  • 1911 cover1911
  • 1912 cover1912
  • 1913 cover1913
  • 1914 cover1914
  • 1915 cover1915
  • 1916 cover1916
  • 1917 cover1917

View Bios

  • Burr photoJane
  • Bryant photoLouise
  • Dell photoFloyd
  • M Eastman photoMax
  • C Eastman photoCrystal
  • Luhan photoMabe Dodge
  • LG Minor photoLydia Gibson
  • R Minor photoRobert
  • Reed photoJohn
  • Robinson photoBoardman

Take a look at the cover art, peruse a short history of the magazine, and view brief bios of the well known residents. This LaborArts online exhibit is an abbreviated version of a multi-media exhibition created by Tom Simone, on display at the Croton History Museum. Please visit the resources page for additional information.